The role of Christian institutions, writers and saints in the active suppression and destruction of books in Late Antiquity has received surprisingly little consideration. The author argues that texts and ideas from materialistic philosophical traditions were vulnerable to destruction, censorship or suppression through prohibition of the copying of manuscripts. This includes texts which were to become the basis for modern philosophy and science.
The author provides a comprehensive inquiry into pivotal aspects of Indian manuscript cultures, on the basis of a first-hand analysis of textual sources. The topic of the ritualistic use of manuscripts as objects of worship and ritual donation, a transversal one in Indian texts, is analyzed through the lens of history and seen in its connections with the ideology of power and the vital quest for monarchical patronage in early medieval India.
"Shape optimization and spectral theory" is a survey book aiming to give an overview of recent results in spectral geometry and its links with shape optimization. It covers most of the issues which are important for people working in PDE and differential geometry interested in sharp inequalities and qualitative behaviour for eigenvalues of the Laplacian with different kind of boundary conditions (Dirichlet, Robin and Steklov). This includes: existence of optimal shapes, their regularity, the case of special domains like triangles, isospectrality, quantitative form of the isoperimetric inequalities, optimal partitions, universal inequalities and numerical results. Much progress has been made in these extremum problems during the last ten years and this edited volume presents a valuable update to a wide community interested in these topics. List of contributors Antunes Pedro R.S., Ashbaugh Mark, Bonnaillie-Noel Virginie, Brasco Lorenzo, Bucur Dorin, Buttazzo Giuseppe, De Philippis Guido, Freitas Pedro, Girouard Alexandre, Helffer Bernard, Kennedy James, Lamboley Jimmy, Laugesen Richard S., Oudet Edouard, Pierre Michel, Polterovich Iosif, Siudeja Bartlomiej A., Velichkov Bozhidar
This book describes the history and present knowledge of a paradigmatic system, the lac operon of E. coli. The first part of the book presents the history of the operon and various schools of thought regarding genetic control in general. The second part presents a number of false interpretations and misconceptions and demonstrates how easily a scientist may deceive himself. The third and last part thoroughly covers the current state of knowledge of the lac operon including the importance of the auxiliary operators and discussions of several X-ray structures, one of which was published shortly before this book went into press. A unique combination of personal anecdotes and present-day science makes this book appealing to students, postdocs, active and retired researchers alike.
The papers collected in this volume discuss descriptive methods and present conclusions relevant for the history of the book production and reception. Books printed in Europe in the 15th and 16th century still had much in common with manuscripts. They are not mere textual sources, but also material objects whose physical make-up and individual features need to be taken into account in library projects for cataloguing and digitization.